Friedrich List (1789-1846) was a German economist notable for his contributions to international political economy and his strong influence on the use of trade policy for economic development. List argued that import restrictions would nurture the development of the German economy. List's distinguished career saw him rise to the high ranks of German civil service, becoming a Professor of Administration and Politics at the University of Tübingen before emigrating to the United States in 1825. Tireless in the promotion of his ideas, List edited or contributed to several newspapers. His opposition to the 'cosmopolitan' view of the economy gained recognition with policy makers internationally. He returned to Germany in 1834, to serve as consul of the United States in Leipzig. It was during this time he wrote the timeless classic National System of Political Economy.