The Age of Artificial Intelligence: An Exploration

Steven S. Gouveia (Ed.)

by Soenke Ziesche (Maldives National University, Maldives), René Mogensen (Birmingham City University), Caterina Moruzzi (University of Nottingham), Steven S. Gouveia (University of Minho, Portugal), Nicole A. Hall , Cody Turner (University of Connecticut), Ben Goertzel (Xiamen University, China), Gabriel Axel Montes (University of Newcastle), David Pearce (Neuroethics Foundation), Daniel Dennett (Tufts University), Stevan Harnad (University of Québec; University of Southampton), Roman V. Yampolskiy (University of Louisville), Mariana Chinellato Ferreira (University of Coimbra, Portugal), Peter A. DePergola II (University of Massachusetts Medical School; College of Our Lady of the Elms), Kulvinder Panesar (York St John University), Vernon Vinge (San Diego State University), Hasse Hämäläinen (Jagiellonian University), Roman V. Yampolskiy (University of Louisville), Federico Piston , Natasha Vita-More (University of Advancing Technology), Ricardo M. Ferrer (University of Granada, Spain), Txetxu Ausin (University of the Basque Country, Spain), Aníbal M. Astobiza (University of the Basque Country, Spain), Tomislav Miletic (University of Rijeka, Croatia), Eray Özkural (Bilkent University, Turkey)

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LIST OF ILLUSTATIONS

PREFACE: Susan Schneider (University of Connecticut)

INTRODUCTION: Steven S. Gouveia (University of Minho)

SECTION I: INTELLIGENCE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Chapter One: “Towards the Mathematics of Intelligence” by Soenke Ziesche (Maldives National University) and Roman V. Yampolskiy (University of Louisville)

Chapter Two: “Minds, Brain and Turing” by Stevan Harnad (Université du Québec & University of Southampton)

Chapter Three: “The Age of Post-Intelligent Design” by Daniel Dennett (Tufts University)

Chapter Four: “Human and Intelligent Machines: Co-Evolution, Fusion or Replacement?” by David Pearce (Director, Neuroethics Foundation)

SECTION II: CONSCIOUSNESS, SIMULATION AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Chapter Five: “Mindplexes, Non-Ordinary Consciousness, and Artificial General Intelligence” by Gabriel Axel Montes (University of Newcastle) and Ben Goertzel (Xiamen University)

Chapter Six: “The Cognitive Phenomenology Argument for Disembodied A.I. Consciousness” by Cody Turner (University of Connecticut)

Chapter Seven: “Human Experience and Artificial Intelligence” by Nicole A. Hall (Independent Scholar)

Chapter Eight: “Are we Really Living in a Simulation?” by Steven S. Gouveia (University of Minho)

SECTION III: AESTHETICS AND LANGUAGE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Chapter Nine: “Can a Computer Create a Musical Work? Creativity and Autonomy of A.I. Software for Music Composition” by Caterina Moruzzi (University of Nottingham)

Chapter Ten: “Formal Representation of Context in Computational Creativity for Music” by René Mogensen
(Birmingham City University)

Chapter Eleven: “A Human Touch in Computer-Generated Literature” by Mariana Chinellato Ferreira (University of Coimbra)

Chapter Twelve: “Natural Language Processing in Artificial Intelligence: a Functional Linguistic Perspective” by Kulvinder Panesar (York St John University)

SECTION IV: THE ETHICS OF THE BIONIC BRAIN

Chapter Thirteen: “The Bionic Brain: Pragmatic Neuroethics and the Moral Plausibility of Cognitive Enhancement” by Peter DePergola II (University of Massachusetts Medical School)

Chapter Fourteen: “Does A.I. Brain Implant Compromise Agency? Examining Potential Harms of Brain-Computer Interfaces on Self-Determination” by Tomislav MiletiĆ (University of Rijeka) and Frederic Gilbert (University of Washington)

Chapter Fifteen: “The Ethics of Brain-Computer Interfaces” by Aníbal M. Astobiza (Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea), Txetxu Ausin (University of the Basque Country), Ricardo M. Ferrer (University of Granada) and Stephen Rainey (University of Oxford)

Chapter Sixteen: “Wisdom as Meta-Knowledge: a Practical Application of Artificial General Intelligence and Neural Macrosensing” by Natasha Vita-More (University of Advancing Technology)

SECTION V: ETHICS OF ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE

Chapter Seventeen: “Unethical Research: How to Create a Malevolent Artificial Intelligence” by Federico Piston (Independent Scholar) and Roman V. Yampolskiy (University of Louisville)

Chapter Eighteen: “The Search for X: Grounding the Rights and Obligations of Machines” by Hasse Hämäläinen (Jagiellonian University)

Chapter Nineteen: “The Coming Technological Singularity: How to Survive in the Post-Human Era” by Vernon Vinge (San Diego State University).

Chapter Twenty: “Epistemological and Ethical Implications of the Free-Energy Principle” by Eray Özkural (Bilkent University)

CONTRIBUTORS BIOS

Artificial Intelligence, Alan Turing, Ethics, Artificial Creativity, Consciousness, Brain, Singularity, Simulation

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